Photography: Nature,Architecture,Wildlife,Photojournalism

A Brief History of Photography

With the onset of the New Digital Age, everyone who can afford a camera is a photographer…Its no more the old canvas paint stuff or the times when taking a photograph involved 100 steps, along with the cost and time involved from taking the picture to finally printing or developing it rather…God knows what will come next, might be the thing that u can actually include more that just 1 sense while perceiving a photograph…Like suppose u see the photo of a lovely looking Chicken Tikka Masala, u should/might also be able to take the smell and get a minimal sensory taste tingling, in the corner of your tongue, when u see the photograph, but i am really speculating on that, but u never know, who’s seen the future…?

But do u know the History of Photography? Some incredible Firsts

1) The first permanent photograph was an image produced in 1826  by the french inventor Joseph Nicéphore Niépce ..

Here’s the picture that he took :

He is also the Father of Photography ..It was taken using a technique known as Photogravure, whereby a copper plate is coated with a light-sensitive gelatin tissue which had been exposed to a film positive, and then etched, resulting in a high quality intaglio print that can reproduce the detail and continuous tones of a photograph.The image was sold at around US$ 392,000 at auction to the French National Library…Also note this photo was of a Painting..U cant do that now..Too many lawsuits and copyright infringements will follow..Bad days these, i tell u…What u didnt know that? Yep u cant take photo of a copyright image or a painting and use it for commercial purposes..To the people who dont know, u cant even take photograph of the Eiffel Tower at night and publish it without the exclusive written rights of the lighting company that is responsible for the lighting of the Eiffel Tower..

2) The 2nd earliest ‘Photograph’ , thought of as the earliest photograph till the yr 2002 was taken in 1826~27 , even this was taken by the Daddy of Photography, the same dude who took the first picture.. Its the picture of a a landscape between 2 buildings…It took more than 8 hrs to ‘expose’ the image hence there is sunlight on both walls of the buildings…The photograph is called ‘La cour du domaine du Gras’ (View from the Window at Le Gras) …

3) The first photograph featuring a human being was taken by  Louis Daguerre in 1838… I dont know why the Father of Photography didnt take his self portrait as the first human photograph, but it seems for sometime both him & Louis Daguerre worked together , before Niépce died off stroke… The man in the photograph seems to be a bit blurred as he was moving..U cant stay still for minutes of not hours can u…Its sad he (the dude in the photograph) has not been named anywhere….Again u cant do that these days..If u click a photo of a person, who is recognizable (I am sure the dude in the picture was recognizable in that area in those days, if Sherlock Holmes was put to test offcourse) , u need to make him sign model release forms and too many other complications …. Like pay the guy and the like..lol

4) First color Photograph  was taken about 30 yrs from the first photograph by James Clerk Maxwell …The photo is of a tartan ribbon..He achieved it by photographing the same ribbon 3 times, each time with a different filter on the lens..When the three images were aligned, a full color photo appeared. Its tough to answer why he chose a colored ribbon and not anything else, but i guess that was the most colorful thing he could find near him at that moment..

5) In the year 1934 Kodak invented the first 35mm film..The film size was already in use in movie films, but not for still pictures…Leica made the first so called ‘camera’, which costed those days around 3000US$ …Unfortunately there is no picture which can be called to be taken with the first Leica camera and Kodak Film..

6) The First Digital Photo was taken in 1957.. Russell A. Kirsch , a computer scientist , invented a technique by which a camera could be fed into a computer.It is also the first digitally scanned photograph…Its the photo of his 3 month old son Walden..Kirsch also made the first Programmable computer..Yup brilliant people i know..He is currently the Advisory Editor of the journal, Languages of Design..

Now a little bit about Cameras shall we..

TLR-CAMs or A twin-lens reflex camera (TLR) is a type of camera with two objective lenses of the same focal length. One of the lenses is the photographic objective or “taking lens” (the lens that takes the picture), while the other is used for the viewfinder system, which is usually viewed from above at waist level.Double-lens cameras were first developed around 1870. Higher-end TLRs may have a pop-up magnifying glass to assist the user in focusing the camera. In addition, many have a “sports finder” consisting of a square hole punched in the back of the pop-up hood, and a knock-out in the front..Yup thats technology…

SLRs or single-lens reflex  camera is a camera that typically uses a mirror and prism system (hence “reflex”, from the mirror’s reflection) that permits the photographer to view through the lens and hence see exactly what will be captured, contrary to viewfindercameras where the image could be significantly different from what will be captured.It was commercially developed as early as 1946…Up until the 1990s, SLR was the most advanced photographic preview system available..The picture is of The 1952 (Pentax)Asahiflex, Japan’s first single-lens reflex camera..

DSLRs were commercially invented in1975 Kodak engineer Steven Sasson invented the first digital still camera..Right now DSLRs rule..The DSLR market is dominated by Japanese companies, including all of the top five manufacturers (Canon, Nikon, Olympus, Pentax, and Sony), as well as Fujifilm, Mamiya,Panasonic, and Sigma. Leica is German, Hasselblad is Swedish, and Samsung is Korean…

Here’s an image of a modern day photographer taking a self portrait in a mirror…

Ahem that was me btw…With my Nikon DSLR and 50mm 1.4 lens…Look at the aperture blades..The point of this picture is the juxtaposition of human lens and mechanical lens, camera & eye…

BONUS INFO :

Here is an incredible image of Hiter taking a self Portrait using an iphone…

….

Author/Research :   Marcus Sam

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